PreparationsFirst, parents should get a child friendly timer/visual timer. A child friendly timer uses a pictorial format to indicate the passing of the time. Children can see the reduction in time clearly. Parents can purchase these timers directly on their phone. Digital (number based) timers are not suggested to start with as children may find it too abstract to understand. Powerful reinforcers which can motivate the child to practice should be on hand too.
detailsFirst, parents should get a child friendly timer/visual timer. A child friendly timer uses a pictorial format to indicate the passing of the time. Children can see the reduction in time clearly. Parents can purchase these timers directly on their phone. Digital (number based) timers are not suggested to start with as children may find it too abstract to understand. Powerful reinforcers which can motivate the child to practice should be on hand too. First step: The child should understand that he needs to stop the timer before it rings. Parents can set the timer to 10 seconds and instruct the child to stop the timer before it goes off. If the child does not understand, parents should prompt the child directly. After the child has stopped the timer, parents should praise the child immediately and state clearly that he is “faster” than the timer and then deliver the reinforcer to the child.
- Simple tasks are recommended at the beginning stage such as tidying up a few pieces of blocks. These kinds of tasks are simple and parents can prompt the child easily.
- When the child understands that he/she is faster than the timer, parents can vary the tasks that they require the child to do. Parent should remember the tasks that they assign the child to do should be something that they have skills and be able to complete independently. If the child does not possess any of the skills to complete the tasks, then it should not be done in this practice.
- When the child understands being fast as a concept, parents can start to increase the duration or amount of work that they require the child to complete. In the beginning, the task may only require a few seconds to complete. Later on, the task may take a few minutes or longer. Our end goal is for the child to be able to complete tasks that they should do in their everyday routines or activities such as getting changed or brushing teeth before the timer rings.
- It is important for parents to use reinforcers at the beginning stage. When a good fast habit has been built, parents can start to fade the timer and the reinforcement.
Information provided by:Kan Wong (Autism Partnership Program Director)
|Kan Wong Ms. Lai-Kan Wong is a Board Certified Behavior Analyst and holds a Master of Science in Applied Behavior Analysis. She joined Autism Partnership in 2001 and began working as a Program Specialist. She is experienced in working with children across different settings including individual therapy session, small group training, and ABA classrooms. Ms. Wong has also helped training staff in Hong Kong, Singapore and Japan office since 2005. She is now responsible for supervising individual cases, staff training, parent training, and overseas consultation. Kan also receives ongoing training and supervision from Dr. Ronald Leaf and Dr. John McEachin in the Los Angeles office.|
Please share to let more people know about ABA Therapy Skills. Facebook: APautism Wechat: AutismPartnership_HK
資訊提供:王勵勤 (Autism Partnership 行為分析治療總監)
|王勵勤 王勵勤小姐為國際認證行為分析師，擁有行為分析的碩士學位。於2001年加入AP, 為個別個案進行ABA訓練。 她經驗豐富且資歷甚廣， 負責個別治療、小組訓練及 ABA為基礎的教室。 自2005年起， 她致力培訓本地、新加坡及日本各級別的治療師及導師。 她現負責監督個別個案、治療師培訓、為各家長提供支援及海外諮詢服務。 她亦定期赴美國洛杉磯總部接受Ronald Leaf博士和John McEachin博士的培訓及持續進修。|
請分享，讓更多人了解自閉症及學習更多應用行為分析（ ABA）的治療技巧。 Facebook: APautism 微信號: AutismPartnership_HK